Below an overview of the most common used cables within the audio world
The unbalanced cables are commonly used like the “jack-jack” (for synth or guitar/bass) or the cinch (RCA, tulip) cables. The small patch cables for a Doepfer system are unbalanced as well.
Microphone cables, the XLR-cables, are balanced.
If the output of a mixer or other device has to be split into two separate signals, we use split cables. An examples below.
In mixing-consoles it is possible to ‘insert’ effects. Belwo the example of an insert cable.